Sık kulanılanlara ekle  Anasayfan yap            
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uzman Öğretim Elemanından
İngilizce Özel Ders
0532
252 42 81 
 
     
Dilediğinizde
İngilizceci ' ye
Ulaşabilmeniz İçin


0532 252 42 81
 
     
 
     
İngilizcede Zamanlar
Present Perfect  
     
  USAGE  
     
  Türkçe de bu zaman yok olmadığı için biz di'li geçmiş zamanı kullanıyoruz.
Ancak çok yakında olmuş olayları ifade edebilmek için " şimdi" sözcüğünü ekliyoruz.
Örn: Sizi sofraya çağıran birine "Ben daha şimdi yedim, tokum" diyoruz.
 
     
  Deneyimlerinizi Anlatın  
     
  Present Perfect'in klasik tanımı şöyledir:
Kısa bir süre önce sona ermiş olmasına rağmen etkileri veya sonuçları gerek fiziksel gerekse duygusal çizgide süren olayların anlatımında kullanılır.
 
     
  Uzman Öğretim Elemanından
İngilizce
Özel Ders

0532
 252 42 81
 
     
  Nedenleri Açıklayın  
     
 
Bu klasik tanımdan yola çıkarak Present Perfect'in neden/sonuç ilişkilerini ifade ettiğini söylebiliriz. Bir başka deyişle yaşadığımız gerçekliğin veya nihai oluşumların nedenlerini açıklamak için Present Perfect kullanılabilir
 
     
     
 

*We use the Present Perfect for actions which happened in the past, but have an effect in the present

This use is a little more difficult than the other two. In this case, the action happened at some time in the past, but the effect of the action is still important now.

*There are three situations where the Present Perfect is used, although there is a lot of overlap between these situations.

They are used:

    To describe 'experiences'
    To describe the duration of continuing states and actions
    To describe a past action with a result in the present

We use the Present Perfect for actions which started in the past and are still continuing.

The present perfect is often used for an action which started at some time in the past, and is still continuing now. Often, the words for (with a length of time) and since (with a starting time) are used with the present perfect.

 
     
 

*We use the Present Perfect for actions which happened at some unknown time in the past

Sometimes, it's important to say that something happened (or didn't happen), but it's not important (or not known) when it happened. In this case, we can use the present perfect too. In this case, we often use the words already, yet, ever or never along with the present perfect. These words usually go before the past participle in the sentence.

Have you ever been in trouble?
Have you even gotten a tattoo?

Affirmative: Yes, I have.
Negative: No, I haven't./ No, I never have.
I've broken my leg (Look! It's in a cast!)
Have you finished the dishes? (Is the task completed?)
Okay! I've done it! (I've achieved what I set out to do!)
 
  Present Perfect Continious  
 

We use the present perfect continuous to talk about an even which started in the past and is continuing now and will continue into the future. Usually, the sentence contains a phrase starting with for or since to show the time period.

      I have been learning English for six years.
      They have been living in Paris for the last eight months.

      Present Perfect'in Continious formu nasıl ifade edilir ve ne durumlarda kullanılır?

We make the Present Perfect Continuous by using have/has, been and the -ing form of the verb (the present participle):

(subject) + (have/ has) + (been) + (present participle)

      I have been working...
      She has been doing her homework.

We use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about an event which lasted for some time and recently finished; the effects of this event are still apparent:

      Why are you huffing? I have been running.
      I have been painting the house this weekend.

I've been working here for five years, you know!

I've been living here for ten years. I think it's time I moved on.

 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
İngilizceCi ©
 
     
 
A Little More
than Mere
Teaching
  
 
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Uzman Öğretim Elemanından
İngilizce
Özel Ders

0532
  252 42 81
 
     
     
   

 

         
All contents © copyright ingilizceCi.net