1. Rewrite each of the following sentences, placing the adverb of
frequency given in brackets in the middle position of the main clause. For example:
She is late for work. (rarely)
She is rarely late for work.
We visit him on Sundays. (sometimes)
We sometimes visit him on Sundays.
I have read that book before. (never)
I have never read that book before.
Yes, I do. (usually)
Yes, I usually do.
1. I had wanted to see the ocean. (always)
2. They do. (frequently)
3. She is very friendly. (usually)
4. They have the opportunity to travel. (seldom)
5. I am at home in the mornings. (generally)
6. He has. (always)
7. We were given free transportation to the school. (frequently)
8. Birds return to the place where they were born to build their nests. (often)
9. Albatrosses are seen close to shore. (seldom)
10. We would. (never)
11. They follow the news. (rarely)
12. Maple wood is used to make violins. (sometimes)
2. Rewrite each of the following sentences, placing the adverb of
frequency given in brackets in the middle position of the main clause. For example:
Have you visited New York? (ever)
Have you ever visited New York?
I do not go to the library on the weekend. (always)
I do not always go to the library on the weekend.
1. He did not arrive on time. (ever)
2. Do you visit Boston? (often)
3. Are they surprised at the results? (frequently)
4. The children do not follow our instructions. (always)
5. Do you wonder what will happen next? (sometimes)
6. Did they find the missing information? (ever)
7. We do not stay out after dark. (usually)
8. The facts are not known. (generally)
3. For each of the following sentences, place the adverbs given in
brackets in their most usual positions in the sentence. Place
connecting adverbs in the beginning position, place adverbs of frequency in the middle position, and place adverbs of manner and adverbs of time in the end position. Adverbs of manner should precede adverbs of time. For example:
They left. (early, usually)
They usually left early.
We proceeded. (cautiously, therefore)
Therefore, we proceeded cautiously.
We will review our options. (tomorrow, carefully)
We will review our options carefully tomorrow.
1. We pick the flowers. (carefully, usually)
2. She answers. (correctly, rarely)
3. He is wrong. (however, seldom)
4. We will attend the concert. (therefore, tonight)
5. We found the hotel. (easily, nevertheless)
6. They left. (quietly, this morning)
7. She wins first prize. (always, furthermore)
8. He finished. (late, often)
9. We reached the station. (quickly, consequently)
10. You speak. (loudly, never)
11. We would have gone to the beach. (otherwise, yesterday)
12. They worked. (quickly, today)
13. I want to analyze the book. (carefully, sometime)
14. We arrive. (early, sometimes)
4. The following sentences do not contain verbs of motion. Complete each sentence by placing the adverbs and adverb phrases given in brackets in the end position, in the following order:
Adverb of Manner
Adverb of Location
Adverb of Time
Adverb of Purpose
The tickets sold. (at the box office, quickly, this afternoon)
The tickets sold quickly at the box office this afternoon.
I bought some film. (to photograph the parade, at the store, yesterday)
I bought some film at the store yesterday to photograph the parade.
1. We ate. (at the restaurant, well, yesterday evening)
2. They will be. (next month, on business, in France)
3. The children whispered. (on Christmas Eve, excitedly, in front of the tree)
4. We hung the picture. (on the wall, carefully)
5. The birds twittered. (this morning, outside the window, loudly)
6. The boys and girls waited. (for the parade to pass by, impatiently)
7. We slept. (all afternoon, on the grass, soundly)
8. The choir sang. (last week, beautifully, at the competition)
9. We watched the skaters. (to determine who might win the competition, avidly, this morning)
10. The moon shone. (over the water, long after the sun had set, brilliantly)
5. For each of the following sentences, paying attention to whether or not the sentence contains a verb of motion, place the adverbs and adverb phrases given in brackets in the correct order in the end position of the sentence. For example:
He lived. (for six years, happily, in Copenhagen)
He lived happily in Copenhagen for six years.
They returned. (from Holland, last week, unexpectedly)
They returned from Holland unexpectedly last week.
1. They stood. (at the bus stop, for twenty minutes, patiently)
2. We arrived. (here, last night, on foot)
3. The young child walked. (by herself, this morning, to school)
4. They were waiting. (at seven o'clock, eagerly, outside the fairgrounds)
5. She arrived. (in a black limousine, at the hotel)
6. Chickadees build their nests. (in dense evergreens, in the early spring, secretively)
7. The waves crashed. (against the shore, loudly)
8. I walked. (in the rain, to work, yesterday)
9. He sat. (until the announcements were finished, on the edge of his chair, expectantly)
10. We left. (this morning, home, in a hurry)
11. She went. (by bus, downtown, today)
12. They talked. (for an hour, animatedly, on the front lawn)
6. For each of the following sentences, fill in the blank with is or are, as appropriate. For example:
Here __ one of the computations.
Here is one of the computations.
There ___ all of the results.
There are all of the results.
1. There _______ his brother and sister.
2. Here _______ the news.
3. There _______ several of her classmates.
4. Here _______ both of the disks.
5. There _______ a pair of pliers.
6. Here _______ a few chocolates.
7. Here _______ a box of eggs.
8. There _______ two of the books.
9. Here _______ another of the magazines.
10. Here _______ some of the answers.
ii. There _______ one of his brothers.
12. Here _______ the essays.
7. Rewrite the following sentences, replacing the underlined phrases with personal pronouns, and changing the word order as necessary. For example:
Over the treetops sailed the kite.
Over the treetops it sailed.
Here comes our teacher.
Here he comes.
1. Up the stairs dashed the reporter.
2. Onto the stage glided the ballerina.
3. Here is the butter.
4. There go the geese.
5. To and fro rode the girl on the horse.
6. Here come the children.
7. High in the heavens shone the lights of a million stars.
8. There goes the train.
9. Into the hotel darted the boy.
10. Here are your keys.
11. Over the grass rolled the ball.
12. There is my aunt.
8. The following sentences are incorrect, because each contains a double negative. Each sentence can be corrected by omitting or altering one of the negative expressions. Write two corrected versions for each sentence. For example:
We have not got no sugar.
We have got no sugar.
or We have not got any sugar.
I have never seen nothing like it before.
I have seen nothing like it before.
or I have never seen anything like it before.
1. He does not need no advice.
2. We never go nowhere interesting.
3. I did not get none of the answers right.
4. She does not know nothing.
5. We had not met neither of the boys before.
6. They did not do no harm.
7. He never speaks to nobody.
8. You do not have no reason to behave like that.
9. I do not know nothing about it.
10. I do not have no time for such things.
9. For each of the following sentences, add the negative expression shown in brackets at the beginning of the sentence, and make any other changes that are necessary. For example:
I had reached home when I remembered the message. (hardly)
Hardly had I reached home when I remembered the message.
We had the opportunity to do whatever we wanted. (seldom)
Seldom did we have the opportunity to do whatever we wanted.
1. We had entered the room when the telephone rang. (scarcely)
2. I have seen a more beautiful ballet than that one. (never)
3. We realized that a dangerous stretch of road lay ahead of us. (little)
4. I have worked as hard as I could. (never before)
5. A writer can express his exact feelings in words. (rarely)
6. We perceive everything that is around us. (hardly ever)
7. One can find a more striking example of erosion than the Grand Canyon. (nowhere)
8. They guessed what was about to happen. (little)
9. I am entirely satisfied with my situation. (seldom)
10. One comprehends a complex situation immediately. (rarely)
10. Paying attention to the correct word order, rewrite the underlined indirect questions as direct questions. For example:
I would like to know why you are here.
Why are you here?
I wonder how often he comes here.
How often does he come here?
Tell me where you have been.
Where have you been?
1. I want to know how much money you collected.
2. I wonder where they were.
3. Tell me why I should attend the meeting.
4. I would like to know when he finds time for his hobbies.
5. Do you know why she left school?
6. I am curious to know how many times you have seen this movie.
7. Will you tell me when you completed the assignment?
8. He will ask how long it will take.
9. Tell me where you are.
10. I wonder why she did not reply.
11. Find out when the bank opens.
12. Can you tell me where she is staying?
11. Paying attention to the correct word order, use the phrases given in brackets to rewrite the following direct questions as indirect questions. For example:
Where is the nearest store? (Please find out)
Please find out where the nearest store is.
How many boxes of paper did he order? (We need to know)
We need to know how many boxes of paper he ordered.
Why has she not finished the assignment? (I will ask her)
I will ask her why she has not finished the assignment.
1. Why is the information not here? (Please tell me)
2. When will they finish work? (Did you ask)
3. Where has she studied? (I wonder)
4. How many pounds of cherries did you sell? (Tell us)
5. Why was the meeting cancelled? (Will you tell me)
6. How long will the trip take? (I wonder)
7. How is he? (Did you hear)
8. Why do they have difficulty with the work? (I wonder)
9. When does she plan to leave? (Ask her)
10. How much time do you have? (Please let me know)
11. Where is the post office? (I am not sure)
12. Where did you buy that book? (Tell me)
ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES for Chapter 24|
Answers to Exercise 1:
1. I had always wanted to see the ocean. 2. They frequently do.
3. She is usually very friendly. 4. They seldom have the opportunity to travel. 5. I am generally at home in the mornings. 6. He always has.
7. We were frequently given free transportation to the school.
8. Birds often return to the place where they were born to build their nests.
9. Albatrosses are seldom seen close to shore. 10. We never would.
11. They rarely follow the news. 12. Maple wood is sometimes used to make violins.
Answers to Exercise 2:
1. He did not ever arrive on time. 2. Do you often visit Boston?
3. Are they frequently surprised at the results? 4. The children do not always follow our instructions. 5. Do you sometimes wonder what will happen next? 6. Did they ever find the missing information? 7. We do
not usually stay out after dark. 8. The facts are not generally known.
Answers to Exercise 3:
1. We usually pick the flowers carefully. 2. She rarely answers correctly. 3. However, he is seldom wrong. 4. Therefore, we will attend
the concert tonight. 5. Nevertheless, we found the hotel easily.
6. They left quietly this morning. 7. Furthermore, she always wins first
prize. 8. He often finished late. 9. Consequently, we reached the station
quickly. 10. You never speak loudly. 11. Otherwise, we would have gone to the beach yesterday. 12. They worked quickly today. 13. I want to
analyze the book carefully sometime. 14. We sometimes arrive early.
Answers to Exercise 4:
1. We ate well at the restaurant yesterday evening.
2. They will be in France next month on business.
3. The children whispered excitedly in front of the tree on Christmas Eve.
4. We hung the picture carefully on the wall.
5. The birds twittered loudly outside the window this morning.
6. The boys and girls waited impatiently for the parade to pass by.
7. We slept soundly on the grass all afternoon.
8. The choir sang beautifully at the competition last week.
9. We watched the skaters avidly this morning, to determine who might
win the competition.
10. The moon shone brilliantly over the water long after the sun had set.
Answers to Exercise 5:
1. They stood patiently at the bus stop for twenty minutes.
2. We arrived here on foot last night.
3. The young child walked to school by herself this morning.
4. They were waiting eagerly outside the fairgrounds at seven o'clock.
5. She arrived at the hotel in a black limousine.
6. Chickadees build their nests secretively in dense evergreens in the early spring. 7. The waves crashed loudly against the shore.
8. I walked to work in the rain yesterday. 9. He sat expectantly on the edge of his chair until the announcements were finished.
10. We left home in a hurry this morning.
11. She went downtown by bus today.
12. They talked animatedly on the front lawn for an hour.
Answers to Exercise 6:
1. are 2. is 3. are 4. are 5. is 6. are 7. is 8. are 9. is
10. are 11. is 12. are
Answers to Exercise 7:
1. Up the stairs he (or she) dashed. 2. Onto the stage she glided.
3. Here it is. 4. There they go. 5. To and fro she rode.
6. Here they come. 7. High in the heavens they shone.
8. There it goes. 9. Into the hotel he darted. 10. Here they are. 11. Over the grass it rolled. 12. There she is.
Answers to Exercise 8:
1. He needs no advice. or He does not need any advice.
2. We go nowhere interesting. or We never go anywhere interesting.
3. I got none of the answers right. or I did not get any of the answers
right. 4. She knows nothing. or She does not know anything.
5. We had met neither of the boys before. or We had not met either of
the boys before. 6. They did no harm. or They did not do any harm.
7. He speaks to nobody. or He never speaks to anybody.
8. You have no reason to behave like that. or You do not have any reason to behave like that. 9. I know nothing about it. or I do not know anything about it. 10. I have no time for such things. or I do not have any time for such things.
Answers to Exercise 9:
1. Scarcely had we entered the room when the telephone rang.
2. Never have I seen a more beautiful ballet than that one.
3. Little did we realize that a dangerous stretch of road lay ahead of us.
4. Never before have I worked as hard as I could.
5. Rarely can a writer express his exact feelings in words.
6. Hardly ever do we perceive everything that is around us.
7. Nowhere can one find a more striking example of erosion than the
Grand Canyon. 8. Little did they guess what was about to happen.
9. Seldom am I entirely satisfied with my situation.
10. Rarely does one comprehend a complex situation immediately.
Answers to Exercise 10:
1. How much money did you collect? 2. Where were they?
3. Why should I attend the meeting? 4. When does he find time for his
hobbies? 5. Why did she leave school? 6. How many times have you seen
this movie? 7. When did you complete the assignment?
8. How long will it take? 9. Where are you? 10. Why did she not reply? 11. When does the bank open? 12. Where is she staying?
Answers to Exercise 11:
1. Please tell me why the information is not here.
2. Did you ask when they will finish work?
3. I wonder where she has studied.
4. Tell us how many pounds of cherries you sold.
5. Will you tell me why the meeting was cancelled?
6. I wonder how long the trip will take.
7. Did you hear how he is?
8. I wonder why they have difficulty with the work.
9. Ask her when she plans to leave.
10. Please let me know how much time you have.
11. I am not sure where the post office is.
12. Tell me where you bought that book.